The 5th Global Grand
Challenges Summit


September 18-20, 2023 Beijing, China
Featured Guests

Ou Jinping

Time: September 12, 2023

He obtained academic B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Civil Engineering respectively from Xiangtan University (China) in 1978, Wuhan University of Technology (China) in 1982 and Harbin Institute of Technology (China) in 1987. Then, he joined the faculty of Harbin Institute of Technology, China and was promoted to full professor in civil engineering and engineering mechanics in 1990. In 2003, he was elected as the Member of Chinese Academy of Engineering.

His main research interests include Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Urban Engineering, Structural Vibration and Control, Structural Damage Evolution and Health Monitoring, Offshore Structures and their Safety Management, FRP (Fiber Reinforced Polymer) Products and their Self-sensing Members and Structures. He is the author or co-author of 4 books and more than 300 journal papers. He was awarded 4 times the second prize of State Science and Technology Progress Award for his group research achievements.

He used to be the President of the Chinese Society of Vibration Engineering, Vice-President of the Architectural Society of China, Member of the Board of International Association for Structural Control and Monitoring (IASCM) and Vice-President and fellow of the International Society for Structural Health Monitoring of Intelligent Infrastructure (ISHMII).

Title: Urban Catastrophe Resilience and Intelligent Disaster Mitigation

Abstract:Urban environments comprise a diverse array of civil engineering structures, infrastructure, and interconnected systems that span varied scales and age periods. They sustain the livelihoods, productivity, and intricate economic and social frameworks of large populations. Urban areas are vulnerable to catastrophic events, including near-field strong earthquake and severe typhoons. These phenomena, typified by their high intensity, wide spatial distribution, prominent dynamic characteristics and inherent unpredictability, have the potential to cause extensive damage or functional failure in urban engineering and its systems. This, in turn, leads to significant casualties and property losses, triggering a series of secondary disasters or disaster chains, including liquefaction, surface subsidence, landslides, hazardous chemical leakage, explosions, storm surges, geological and geotechnical hazards, urban flooding, among others. Consequently, urban and regional economic and social systems may be severely disrupted or paralyzed. Therefore, resilience to catastrophic events such as earthquakes and typhoons, as well as intelligent disaster prevention and mitigation, have become global challenges that urgently require solutions. This presentation addresses this global challenge by focusing on the impact and hazards of urban earthquakes, typhoons, and secondary disasters, the mechanisms of multi-hazard disaster generation and control in urban engineering and its systems, resilience enhancement in urban economic and social systems, as well as the significant scientific and technological issues related to intelligent disaster prevention and mitigation, including pre-disaster simulation, on-site control, post-disaster monitoring and early warning, emergency response, and post-disaster resilience recovery.

PreNews:Chandrakant Patel

NextNews:Jim Hall

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