Dr. Wang Chen is a specialist in respiratory medicine and critical care medicine. He is an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, an international member of the U.S. National Academy of Medicine, a foreign member of Academia Europaea, an ordinary member of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, and a member of the CAMS Academic Advisory Committee. He is also the Vice President of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, President of the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Director of the National Center for Respiratory Medicine, and Editor-in-Chief of the Chinese Medical Journal. In addition, he holds several professional positions of critical importance in the WHO. Dr. Wang has over 30 years of experience and specialization in pulmonary and critical care medicine. His primary research areas include clinical and basic research for complex conditions in respiratory medicine, population medicine, and public health. He has made several important innovations to improve healthcare practice in the areas of chronic airway disease, pulmonary embolism, respiratory failure, emerging respiratory infectious diseases, and smoking control. Dr. Wang has published more than 290 articles in international medical journals, including the New England Journal of Medicine and The Lancet. In addition, he won the National Science and Technology Progress Grand Prize, First Prize, and Second Prize. Dr. Wang has rich leadership and management experience in the Chinese Academy of Engineering, the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, the China-Japan Friendship Hospital, the Department of Science and Education of the Ministry of Health, the Beijing Hospital, the Chaoyang Hospital, and the Beijing Institute of Respiratory Diseases, and has achieved remarkable performance information of academic disciplines and administration. As an academic leader, he adheres to advanced philosophy and contributes to the development of modern respiratory medicine in China. Moreover, he has facilitated the creation of standardized training for resident and specialist physicians, the“4+4”medical education model, and the discipline of population medicine in China.